Phylum: Annelida. Class: Polychaeta Grube, Groups included. Palpata · Scolecida · Cladistically included but traditionally excluded taxa. Chaetopteridae. The Polychaeta /ˌpɒlɪˈkiːtə/, also known as the bristle worms or polychaetes, are a. Annelida. Class: Clitellata. Order: Oligochaeta. Family: Naididae. Subfamily: Tubificinae. Genus: Tubifex. Lamarck, Tubifexjpg. Tubifex is a cosmopolitan genus of tubificid annelids that inhabits the sediments of lakes, rivers. PENGERTIAN KLASIFIKASI ANNELIDA 1. Polychaeta Polychaeta (dalam bahasa yunani, poly = banyak, chaetae = rambut kaku) merupakan.

Author: Shaktisida Nagami
Country: Cayman Islands
Language: English (Spanish)
Genre: Travel
Published (Last): 17 November 2011
Pages: 83
PDF File Size: 3.69 Mb
ePub File Size: 1.83 Mb
ISBN: 343-7-72068-201-1
Downloads: 80584
Price: Free* [*Free Regsitration Required]
Uploader: Migor

By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy. At least two species of Tubifex are raised commercially, mainly for fish food: Two mature Tubifex worms undergo copulation by joining their ventral and anterior surfaces together with their anterior ends pointing opposite directions.

Articles with ‘species’ microformats. Tubifex can be easily cultured on mass scale in containers with to mm thick pond mud at the bottom, blended with decaying vegetable matter and masses of bran and bread. Lastly, in poorly cleaned aquaria, Tubifex can become established as a pest species, covering the bottom of the aquarium in a thick carpet which may be considered unsightly.

Tubifex – Wikipedia

The mobile forms Errantia tend to have well-developed sense organs and jaws, while the stationary forms Sedentaria lack them, but may have specialized gills or tentacles used for respiration and deposit or filter feeding, e. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. For much of the year, these worms look like any other burrow-dwelling polychaete, kllasifikasi as the breeding season approaches, the worm undergoes a remarkable transformation as new, specialized segments begin to grow from its rear end until the worm can be clearly divided into two halves.


The blood may be colourless, or have any of three different respiratory pigments. The English name may either have a similar meaning, or may derive from the supposed resemblance to a bedraggled mouse when washed up on shore.

In a few cases, however, muscular pumps analogous to a heart are found in various parts of the system.

Polychaete – Wikipedia

Wikimedia Commons has media related to Tubifex. Common representatives include the lugworm Arenicola marina and klasifi,asi sandworm or clam worm Alitta. Polychaete cuticle does have some preservation potential; it tends to survive for at least 30 days after a polychaete’s death.

The new rear half, responsible for breeding, is known as the epitoke. An endocrine gland is attached to the ventral posterior surface of the brain, and appears to be involved in reproductive activity. Retrieved April 26, Their jaws are formed from sclerotised collagen, and their setae from sclerotised chitin.

Wiwaxialong interpreted as an annelid, [12] is now considered to represent a mollusc. Polychaetes as a class are robust and widespread, with species that live in the coldest ocean temperatures of the abyssal plainto forms which tolerate the extremely high temperatures near hydrothermal vents. Klasifiaksi head, or prostomiumis relatively well developed, compared with other annelids.

This page was last edited on 12 Novemberat They have been a popular food for the aquarium trade almost since its inception, and gathering them from open sewers for this purpose was quite common until recently.

This page was last edited on 9 Decemberat From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. Underwater polychaetes have eversible mouthparts used to capture prey. By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy. The head also includes a pair of antennaetentacle-like palpsand a pair of pits lined with ciliaknown as “nuchal organs”.


Within 15 days, clusters of anmelida develop and can be removed with mud in masses.


The name of the genus is taken from Aphroditethe Ancient Greek goddess of love. The most generalised polychaetes are those that crawl along the bottom, but others have adapted to many different ecological nichesincluding burrowing, annrlida, pelagic life, tube-dwelling or boring, commensalismand parasitismrequiring various modifications to their body structures.

For the Ancient Greek goddess, see Aphrodite.

Oligochaeta, Tubificidae with a preliminary reappraisal of the genus”. Groups that may be descended from the polychaetes include the oligochaetes earthworms and leechessipunculansand echiurans.

Continuous, mild water flow is to be maintained in the container, with a suitable drainage system. The beginning of the last lunar quarter is the cue for these animals to breed, and the epitokes break free from the atokes and float to the surface.

klasifikasi annelida

Each segment bears a pair of paddle-like and highly vascularized parapodiawhich are used for movement and, in many species, act as the worm’s primary respiratory surfaces. It projects forward over the mouth, which therefore lies on the animal’s underside. Paraphyletic groups Polychaetes Extant Cambrian first appearances.

Some polychaetes exhibit remarkable reproductive strategies. They can sometimes be brightly coloured, and may be iridescent or even klazifikasi.